The place of sugar in modern history free pdf

This is the place of sugar in modern history free pdf good article. Follow the link for more information.

Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page. This article is about the class of sweet-flavored substances used as food. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. In the body, sucrose is hydrolysed into the simple sugars fructose and glucose. The world production of sugar in 2011 was about 168 million tonnes. Since the latter part of the twentieth century, it has been questioned whether a diet high in sugars, especially refined sugars, is good for human health.

Numerous studies have been undertaken to try to clarify the position, but with varying results, mainly because of the difficulty of finding populations for use as controls that do not consume or are largely free of any sugar consumption. Originally, people chewed raw sugarcane to extract its sweetness. Sugarcane was a native of tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. One of the earliest historical references to sugarcane is in Chinese manuscripts dating back to 8th century BC that state that the use of sugarcane originated in India. Ikṣu and the sugarcane juice is known as Phāṇita. Sugar was found in Europe by the 1st century CE, but only as an imported medicine, and not as a food. Sugar is made in Arabia as well, but Indian sugar is better.

It is a kind of honey found in cane, white as gum, and it crunches between the teeth. It comes in lumps the size of a hazelnut. Sugar is used only for medical purposes. Buddhist monks, as they travelled around, brought sugar crystallization methods to China. China then established its first sugarcane plantations in the seventh century. Chinese documents confirm at least two missions to India, initiated in 647 CE, to obtain technology for sugar refining.

In South Asia, the Middle East and China, sugar became a staple of cooking and desserts. Europe, where it supplemented honey, which had previously been the only available sweetener. 12th century, described sugar as “very necessary for the use and health of mankind”. When he finally sailed, she gave him cuttings of sugarcane, which became the first to reach the New World. 1501, and many sugar mills had been constructed in Cuba and Jamaica by the 1520s. The Portuguese took sugar cane to Brazil. 2,000 on the north coast of Brazil, Demarara, and Surinam.

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