Strategizing a policy in dairy farm pdf

The expansion of sugarcane for biofuels is a highly contentious issue. The growth of sugarcane area has occurred simultaneously with a reduction of strategizing a policy in dairy farm pdf production in São Paulo state, the primary production region for sugar and ethanol in Brazil.

This paper analyses different dairy farm rationales to continue dairy production in the context of a dramatically expanding sugarcane economy. This heuristic tool is used to identify the various strategies regarding shifting to biofuel production or investing in dairy farming. The paper identifies labour availability, household resilience and technology introduction as key factors in the context of complex, multiple interactions between the biofuel sector and dairy production. We will argue that biofuel-sugarcane expansion not always pushes aside dairy farming. Those farmers that shift to sugarcane are not simply spurred by better prices, but mainly change as result of perceptions of labour constraints, risks and the opportunities offered by diversification. For farmers who totally quit dairy production the shift to sugarcane may pass the point of no return. Biofuel-sugarcane expansion leads to differential responses among dairy farmers.

Labour dynamics is the main driver that shapes sugarcane and dairy interaction. Technology, resilience and diversification explain land use by dairy farming. Intensification on dairy and diversification with sugarcane may increase resilience. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.

Farms face pressures to adopt entrepreneurial strategies in the face of declining core income and shifting policy landscape. Data analysis of Welsh upland farms reveals significant heterogeneity in entrepreneurial activity and technology adoption. Four strategic stances are identified: resource maximization, core farm-focused, lifestyle and passive. Cluster analysis of survey data finds clear support for characterizing farms on the basis of the above stances. Pressure to adopt entrepreneurial business approaches will increase and that public policy support needs to be appropriate. Farm businesses face increasing challenges in the face of policy reform which envisages multifunctional rural economies with objectives which span the environmental, the social as well as the production of food. This leads to uncertainties and ambiguities in the way in which farms respond to incentives and pressures to become entrepreneurial, to diversify, to become more efficient at food production and to adopt new technology.

This paper examines these tensions in the context of upland agricultural business in rural Wales. Qualitative and quantitative results support a conclusion of significant heterogeneity in farm response, and highlight tensions between maintaining a focus towards current on-farm activity or pursuing entrepreneurial diversification, as well as differing levels of technology adoption in support of these income streams. Supported by a descriptive cluster analysis based on survey data, the paper proposes a new conceptual categorisation of entrepreneurial strategy, distinguished on the basis of attitudes towards on- and off-farm income generation and on stated stance towards current and future policy grant streams. The paper discusses some of the factors that may determine how particular farmers and farming businesses lie within this categorisation. Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page.

Tom Rooney was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When Tom was 14 his father, Patrick J. After law school, both Rooney and his wife joined the U. Fort Hood in Texas, prosecuting all civilian crimes on post.

In 2002, Rooney began teaching Constitutional and Criminal Law as an Asst. Tom and Tara Rooney each completed active duty with the rank of Captain. As his first job out of college, Tom Rooney worked for U. Tom started in Senator Mack’s mailroom: “We opened every letter and that’s where I learned what people’s issues were. It really helped shape a blank slate in my life.

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