Experiences in parental relationships scale pdf

Title: Parental discipline and affection and children’s prosocial behavior: Genetic and environmental links. Title: Parental discipline and affection and children’s prosocial behavior: Genetic and environmental links. By: Knafo, Experiences in parental relationships scale pdf, Plomin, Robert, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 0022-3514, 2006, Vol.

Parental discipline and affection and children’s prosocial behavior: Genetic and environmental links. TEDS is supported by United Kingdom Medical Research Council Grant G9424799 and U. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Grant HD44454. The obvious explanation for these findings is that positive parenting makes children more prosocial, for example, by providing a prosocial model for them. For example, warm parents may share with their children a genetic tendency for prosocial behavior.

The purpose of this study is to investigate these possibilities. Specifically, we study the genetic and environmental contributions to the relationships between parenting and children’s prosocial behavior using a twin design. The following section reviews the extensive literature showing phenotypic relationships between parenting and prosocial behavior, and the next section addresses the possibility of genetic mediation of these relationships. The affective behavior of parents toward their children has also been hypothesized to affect prosocial behavior. In summary, the literature suggests that parental positive behavior toward children—both positive affect and discipline—relates positively to prosocial behavior. In contrast, parental negative affect and discipline toward children relate negatively to prosocial behavior.

In the present study, we investigated the relationships between prosocial behavior and parental positivity and negativity. On the basis of theories and past research, we expected relationships between prosocial behavior and parental affect and discipline. This was, of course, based on the assumption that there are genetic effects on both parenting and prosocial behavior. We discuss the relevant evidence in the following section. We approached the issue of genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in prosocial behavior and parenting using the twin design. MZ versus DZ twins indicates genetic influence. Similarly, shared environment estimates ranged from .


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